Part of the Baltic Defence College's mission is developing research activities in the fields of strategic and security studies. These activities are aimed at achieving several closely interrelated goals:

Since 2006, several broad research directions have been established as a framework for specific research projects – collaborative and individual – to be conducted under the auspices of the Baltic Defence College:

While pursuing these research vectors, the college focuses on issues and topics which have not been explored by any of the academic and research institutions of the Baltic States, thereby developing a unique profile within the Baltic research community. At the same time, as the college envisages itself as a vehicle for catalysing strategic studies in the Baltic States, it seeks to involve researchers from various academic institutions of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in its projects. The Baltic Defence College's long-term ambition is to expand its research directions so that they intersect with the wider research community in the Baltic States, thereby laying the ground for the emergence of a vibrant strategic studies culture in the region.

The Baltic Defence College's research eventspublications and Visiting Fellowships are crucial for realising this ambition. From 1999-2006, the college published the Baltic Defence Review, which is widely distributed in the Euro-Atlantic security community. To better reflect the spectrum of research topics, the publication was re-named the Baltic Security and Defence Review in 2006. Since 1999, the college has held numerous conferences, seminars and workshops, which have brought together researchers and policymakers to discuss issues pertinent to the Baltic States' military policies and strategies.

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