15th-17th February 2017


Dorpat Conference Centre

Annual Conference on Russia
‘Non-linear Warfare: The Russian Challenge’

The Baltic Defence College is pleased to announce the Third Annual Conference on Russia. The aim of this conference is to bring together military officers, scholars and analysts from the Baltic States and other Euro-Atlantic countries to examine the challenges from Russia in relation to non-linear warfare. The Third Annual Conference on Russia will offer keynote presentations, but also panel discussions which will allow participants to share their ideas and experiences in the sphere of modern Russian studies.

Keynote Speakers


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6:30 pm - 7:30 pm

Early Registration

7:30 pm - 9:30 pm

Icebreaker Reception

Major General Andis Dilāns
Commandant of the Baltic Defence College

Major General Dilāns’ command and troop leadership positions include the position of Deputy Chief of Defence, the Chief of Joint Staff, Latvian National Armed Forces (LNAF) and the Director of the Higher Command and Studies Course in the Baltic Defence College, Tartu, Estonia. Other commands have included the 1st (LATBAT) Infantry Battalion, Latvian Infantry Brigade, the 1st Company, Baltic Peace Enforcement Battalion where he led 1st Latvian Company-size deployment to international operations, assuming the position of Company Commander of the IFOR-LAT/SWE Coy 2IC and S3 Planning Officer position of the SFOR-SWE Bn-Bosnia in 1996/1997; and Course Leader/Company Commander in the National Defence Academy. As a Lieutenant, he was a Platoon Leader of the Border Guard’s Course in National Defence Academy.

MG Dilāns’ staff positions include: Military Representative of Latvia to NATO in 2013; Chief of Joint Staff, Latvian National Armed Forces, where he was co-chairing Latvian defence system reform group in 2009; Chief, Operations Planning (J3) Department, LNAF Staff, in this position he leaded a military planning group for first deployments of Latvian troops to Afghanistan and Iraq in 2003; Chief, Operation Brunch, Operations Planning (J3) Department, LNAF Staff; Chief, Military Co-operation Brunch, International Relation and Military Co-operation (J7) Department, LNAF Staff; and Senior Staff Officer, Combat Support Brunch, Operations Planning (J3) Department, LNAF Staff.

MG Dilāns’ awards and decorations include: the Order of Viesturs (2nd grade), the CHOD Award of Merit (3 awards), the CHOD Award for Distinctive Service, the Republic of Latvia MOD Medal of Honorary Recognition and Medal of Merit for Contribution to Armed Forces Development, the Estonian Defence Force General Staff Cross of Merit (2 awards), the Lithuanian Defence Force Medal of Merit, the Baltic Defence College Medal of Merit, the Baltic Defence College Service Cross, LNAF International Operation Remembrance Medal, NATO Medal, Swedish Armed Forces’ International Operation Remembrance Medal.

On 8th March 2016 MG Dilāns was inducted into the BALTDEFCOL Hall of Fame.


8:00 am - 9:00 am

Registration and Morning Coffee

9:00 am - 9:20 am

Welcoming Remarks

Major General Andis Dilāns; Dr. Asta Maskaliūnaitė

Major General Andis Dilāns (Commandant of the Baltic Defence College)

Dr. Asta Maskaliūnaitė (Convener of the Annual Conference on Russia 2017; Lecturer, War and Conflict Studies, the Baltic Defence College)

9:20 am - 10:00 am

Opening Keynote:

Mr. Edward Lucas

Topics for discussion:

Non-linear warfare and extended deterrence

Contemporary security environment of the Baltic states

Meeting the challenge from non-linear warfare

10:00 am - 10:30 am


10:30 am - 12:30 pm

Session I: Russia’s Geostrategic Ambitions

Lieutenant General (rtd.) Johannes Kert; Brigadier General Reiner Schwalb; Mr. Hannes Hanso

Topics for discussion:

Will there be a conflict with Russia?

What are Russia’s geostrategic ambitions in Europe, in Ukraine, in Wider Baltic, in the Middle East?

What should the European response to Russia’s geopolitical revisionism be?


Speakers and Topics


Lieutenant General (rtd.) Johannes Kert (Former Commander-in-Chief, the Estonian Defence Forces)

Topic: Russia’s geostrategic ambitions in Ukraine


Brigadier General Reiner Schwalb (German Defence Attaché, Moscow)

Topic: Russian Geostrategic Ambitions 


Mr. Hannes Hanso (Chairman of National Defence Committee; Former Minister of Defence of Estonia)

Topic: Regional and Global Challenges posed by Russia: What Should Our Response be?


ModeratorProf. Žaneta Ozoliņa (Professor of International Relations, Department of Political Science, at the University of Latvia; Chair of the Foreign Affairs Council, at the Latvian Ministry of Foreign Affairs)

12:30 pm - 1:30 pm


1:30 pm - 3:30 pm

Session II: Theorising Non-Linear Warfare

Mr. Jānis Garisons; Prof. Žaneta Ozoliņa; H.E. Mr. Alpo Rusi; Colonel Dr. Douglas V. Mastriano

Topics for Discussion

Theoretical aspects of non-linear warfare in 21st century

Non-linear warfare and the Baltic States: Frontier of the West


Speakers and topics


Keynote Speaker: Mr. Jānis Garisons (State Secretary of the Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Latvia)

Topic: How does Russia’s non-linear warfare look in practice?


Prof. Žaneta Ozoliņa (Professor of International Relations, Department of Political Science, at the University of Latvia; Chair of the Foreign Affairs Council at the Latvian Ministry of Foreign Affairs)

Topic: Humour as a tool of Russian propaganda


H.E. Mr. Alpo Rusi (Foreign policy adviser to foreign policy adviser to the President of Finland Martti Ahtisaari; 2007-2009 Senior Adviser in the Cabinet Staff of the President of the UN General Assembly); EU Coordinator for the Sarajevo Summit 1999; Deputy Coordinator of the Stability Pact for Western Balkans in 1999-2000.

Topic: Finland as a target of the Kremlin Non-Linear Warfare – Past and Present


Colonel Dr. Douglas V. Mastriano (US Army Department of Military Strategy Plans and Operations, US Army War College)

TopicPutin’s Sword of Damocles Over Europe (Focus on how Putin leverages the gray zone to overcome NATO)


Moderator: Prof. Vyacheslav Morozov (Professor of EU-Russian Studies, University of Tartu)

3:30 pm - 4:00 pm

Refreshments II

4:00 pm - 6:00 pm

Session III (Panel A): Russia’s Non-Linear Warfare in Practice

Colonel Aivar Jaeski; Mr. Dmitri Teperik; Mr. Anthony Seaboyer; Mr. Mikhailo Makaryk

Topics for Discussion:

How does Russia’s non-linear warfare look in practice?

Russia’s warfighting capability now and in the future

Russia’s lawfare and information warfare: critical elements of Russia’s non-linear warfare


Speakers and Topics


Colonel Aivar Jaeski (Deputy Director, NATO Strategic Communications Centre of Excellence)

Topic: Kremlin information war tricks and deeds


Mr. Dmitri Teperik (Chief Executive, the International Centre for Defence and Security)

Topic: Hostile Information Operations against the first line of defence in Ukraine


Mr. Anthony Seaboyer (Director, Centre for Security, Armed Forces and Society, Royal Military College of Canada)

Topic: Pro-Russian Threat Networks Operating in Ukraine: An Introduction into Russian Non-Linear Warfare Strategies and their Implications


Mr. Mikhailo Makaryk  (Personal assistant of Mr. Sergey Vysotsky (Member of Parliament in Ukraine); International Volunteer Intelligence Community ‘InformNapalm’)

Topic: How does Russia’s non-linear warfare look in practice? 


Moderator: Colonel (rtd.) Dr. Zdzisław Śliwa (Dean of the Baltic Defence College)



4:00 pm - 6:00 pm

Session III (Panel B): Russia’s Non-Linear Warfare in Practice

Mr. Jakob Shapiro; Mr. Peter Mattsson; Prof. René Värk; Mr. Mark Voyger

Speakers and Topics


Mr. Jakob Shapiro (Research on Russian Defence Capabilities, the Swedish Defence University)

Topic: Russian Smart Power as Internal Defence


Dr. Peter Mattsson (Senior Lecturer, in Operational Art Section, at the War Studies Division Department of Military Studies, The Swedish National Defence University)

Topic: A ‘New’ Russian Art of War – the Expanded Battlefield on Tactical, Operational, and Strategic Level?


Prof. René Värk (Associate Professor of International Law, the University of Tartu and the Estonian National Defence University)

Topic: Legal Challenges of Russia’s Hybrid Warfare


Mr. Mark Voyger (Cultural Advisor, NATO, Allied Land Command Headquarters, Turkey)

Topic:  Russian Lawfare a critical element of Russian Hybrid Warfare


Moderator: Mr. Hannes Möllits (Lecturer, International Relations, the Baltic Defence College)

6:00 pm - 7:00 pm


7:00 pm - 8:00 pm

Conference Dinner

8:00 pm - 10:00 pm

‘Night Owl’ Session I: Russian Non-Linear Warfare: Case Studies

Prof. Viacheslav Morozov; Prof. Andrei Makarychev; Dr. András Rácz; Dr. Maria Mälksoo

The Evolution of Russia’s Military Doctrine and the EU’s Response: The ‘Russian World’, Hybrid Warfare and Beyond. The panel is organised by the Centre for EU-Russia Studies, University of Tartu, and is co-funded from the EU Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 691818.


Speakers and Topics


Prof. Viacheslav Morozov (Professor of  EU-Russia Studies, University of Tartu)

TopicRussian Policy Doctrines and their Background


Prof. Andrei Makarychev (Visiting Professor, at the Johan Skytte Institute of Political Studies, University of Tartu)

Topic: Russian World as a Geo-/Biopolitical Strategy: Regional Security Implications


Dr. András Rácz (Associate Professor, the Department of International Studies, at the Pazmany Peter Catholic University, Budapest)

TopicNew Generation Warfare in the Russian Military Doctrine of 2014


Dr. Maria Mälksoo (Senior Lecturer, International Security, Brussels School of International Studies)

Topic: Countering Hybrid Warfare: The EU and NATO Mediating between Daily Security and Ontological Security


Moderator: Prof. Andres Kasekamp (Professor of Baltic Politics,  the University of Tartu)



8:00 pm - 10:00 pm

‘Night Owl’ Session II: Russian Non-Linear Warfare: Case studies

Mr. Dmytro Zolotukhin; Mr. Jaroslav Hajek; Colonel David Woodworth; Mr. Alexander Kosenkov

Topics for Discussion:

Russian non-linear warfare in Georgia and Ukraine


Mr. Dmytro Zolotukhin (Director of the Institute for Postinformation; Society Advisor to the Minister of Information Policy of Ukraine)

Topic: Pinchuk-Kissinger’s strategic narrative of ‘US-Russia big deal’ as the example of Russian memetic warfare: Ukrainian experience


Mr. Jaroslav Hajek (Strategic Analysis and Research Division Subject Matter Expert, NATO Energy Security Centre of Excellence)

Topic: Hybrid warfare against Critical Energy Infrastructure in Ukraine


Colonel David Woodworth (Deputy Director of the Russia Strategic Initiative, U.S. European Command; Air National Guard C-130 pilot and designated Air Force Eurasia Regional Area Strategist)

Topic: Russian non-linear warfare in Georgia


Mr. Alexander Kosenkov (Head of Organization Information Society Research Centre, Ukraine)

Topic: Components of Non-linear warfare: Ukrainian Experience 


Moderator: Mr. Dmitri Teperik (Chief Executive, the International Centre for Defence and Security)

8:45 am - 9:00 am

Morning Coffee

9:00 am - 11:00 am

Session IV (Panel A): Euro-Atlantic Responses to Russian Non-Linear Warfare

H.E. Dr. Volodymyr Ogrysko; Major General (rtd.) Neeme Väli; Ms. Molly K. McKew; Dr. Janis Berzins

Session IV: Panel A

Topics for Discussion: 

How should the Euro-Atlantic region respond to Russian non-linear warfare?

Russia’s non-linear warfare challenges and NATO’s response

How to counter Russian non-linear warfare in Ukraine, in Syria or in future?


Speakers and Topics


H.E. Dr. Volodymyr Ogrysko (Served as the Minister for Foreign Affairs in the government  between 2007 and 2009. Between 2004 and 2005 he held the post of Ambassador-at-large at the Department of Euro-Atlantic Cooperation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, after which he became First Deputy Minister and Acting Minister.

Topic: How Ukraine and the West should counteract the aggressive Russian policy (political, diplomatic and military aspects)


Major General (rtd.) Neeme Väli  (Former First Deputy Chief of the NATO International Military Staff and Director of the Policy and Planning Division)

TopicRussia’s non-linear warfare challenges and NATO’s response


Ms. Molly K. McKew

Information warfare expert and foreign policy strategist; President, Fianna Strategies

TopicTaking away the open battlefield: Breaking the cycle of Russian success in nonlinear warfare


Dr. Janis Berzins  (Director, Centre for Security and Strategic Research, National Defence Academy of Latvia)

Topic: Russian Military Theory and Reality in Ukraine


Moderator: Mr. James Rogers (Director of Department of Political and Strategic Studies, the Baltic Defence College)


9:00 am - 11:00 am

Session IV (Panel B): Euro-Atlantic Responses to Russian Non-Linear Warfare

Dr. Vira Ratsiborynska; Dr. Schuyler Foerster; Colonel Sandro Calaresu; Dr. Nora Vanaga

Session IV: Panel B 

(Panel organised by NATO Defence College)


Speakers and Topics


Dr. Vira Ratsiborynska (Visiting Scholar, NATO Defence College)

Topic: Overview of Russian Hybrid Threats  


Dr. Schuyler Foerster  (Fulbright Distinguished Chair in Social Studies, Masaryk University, Brno CZ )

Topic: NATO Responses to Russian Hybrid Threats


Colonel Sandro Calaresu (Crisis Management and Planning Directorate, European External Action Service)

Topic: Brussels EU Responses to Russian Hybrid Threats


Dr. Nora Vanaga (Senior Researcher, Centre for Security and Strategic Research, National Defence Academy of Latvia)

Topic: Deterring Russia in the Baltic: NATO’s challenges


Moderator: Dr. Jeffrey Larsen (Director of Research, NATO Defence University)


11:00 am - 11:15 am

Refreshments III

11:15 am - 1:15 pm

Session V: Russian Non-Linear Warfare: Enhancing Baltic Resilience

Dr. Ieva Bērziņa; Ms. Marta Kepe; Prof. Viljar Veebel

Topics for Discussion:

How effectively to defend the Baltic region from the possible non-linear threat

Increasing defence and security capabilities of the Baltic region in the face of possible Russian non-linear threat


Speakers and topics


Dr. Ieva Bērziņa (Senior Researcher, Centre for Security and Strategic Research Scientific Staff, National Defence Academy of Latvia)

Topic: Russia’s Compatriot Policy in the NB8 Region


Ms. Marta Kepe (Analyst, focusing on defence and security issues, at RAND Europe)

Topic: Not just the military-unconventional options for the defence of the Baltic states


 Prof. Viljar Veebel (Dochent, Estonian National Defence College)

TopicFrom defence to deterrence: How can the post Brexit EU increase Baltic security?


Moderator: Colonel Aivar Jaeski (Deputy Director, NATO Strategic Communications Centre of Excellence)


1:15 pm - 2:15 pm


2:15 pm - 3:00 pm

Closing Keynote

H.E. Mr. Imants Lieģis

Topic: Future Responses to Non-Linear Warfare

3:00 pm - 3:15 pm

Closing Remarks

Major General Andis Dilāns

Major General Andis Dilāns (Commandant of the Baltic Defence College)


Registration for 16.02.2017 is closed. To register for 17.02.2017, please send an e-mail to kadri.nestra@baltdefcol.org          

Fill out your information

50 EUR

Standard rate

Fee by 12th February 2017

20 EUR

University student rate

Fee by 8th February 2017


  • Baltic Defence College
  • UT
  • National Defence Academy of Latvia
  • NATO Defense College
  • Swedish Defence University

Location and Venue


Dorpat Conference Centre

Address: Soola 6, 51013 Tartu, Estonia


Dorpat Hotel

Single standard room 61,50 EUR

Twin/dbl standard room 77,25 EUR

The Baltic Defence College has pre-booked several rooms for the conference participants. The special rate can only be acquired by sending your request to info@dorpat.ee by 01.02.2017. Please ensure that the ‘subject’ line of your e-mail states ‘Russia Conference’.


By air: The best way to reach Tartu is by Tallinn’s Lennart Meri International Airport (Tallinna Lennujaam). As Tartu is located approximately 190 kilometres south of Tallinn, arriving by air to Estonia also involves a two-hour coach journey from the airport to Tartu. However, Tartu Coach Station (Tartu Bussijaam) is located just underneath the Dorpat Conference Centre, meaning the service from the airport is literally door-to-door!

By coach: Hourly coaches – with WiFi – run between Tallinn Coach Station (Tallinna Bussijaam) and Tartu Coach Station, with the journey taking approximately two hours. Daily coaches also run from Riga in Latvia and St. Petersburg in Russia, taking approximately four hours and seven hours respectively.

By car: Tartu is at the intersection of all major routes in Southern Estonia. National highways connect the city to Tallinn (Route 2) and Riga (Route 3), with the journey taking just over two hours from the former, and three and a half hours from the latter


Additional details

Due to its intellectual resources and great beauty, Tartu is often called the ‘Athens of Estonia’. It is Estonia’s second largest city with approximately 100,000 inhabitants. Because of its world-famous university, the city is widely known as the intellectual capital of Estonia. Founded by the King of Sweden, Gustavus Adolphus, in 1632, the university has made Tartu the centre of Estonian education and science for the past few centuries.